Complete Guide to Vaccinations for Travel to Indonesia

Complete Guide to Vaccinations for Travel to Indonesia

Post by Ina

June 25, 2024

The chances of contracting a disease like those we will discuss in this article during your trip to Indonesia are minimal. However, wouldn’t you rule them out completely just by getting vaccinated? Health comes first, especially when travelling. No one likes to experience an unpleasant episode while on holiday, especially when far from home or away from family and friends.

Therefore, we have prepared this guide on recommended vaccines if you have decided that Indonesia will be your next destination. Do not forget to keep your vaccination schedule up to date and always travel with insurance that covers any issues. With all this well taken care of, all that remains is to enjoy the experience!

Recommended Vaccinations for Your Trip to Indonesia

Most of the vaccines we are going to list you already have thanks to the Spanish vaccination schedule, so you are already ahead! In any case, check with your family doctor.

Recommended Vaccinations for Your Trip to Indonesia

Below, we list the vaccines you should have if you are travelling to Indonesia and why. Keep in mind that these vaccines not only protect you but also help prevent the spread of diseases to others, contributing to global public health. Vaccines are not a whim; they are a civic duty.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is primarily transmitted through consuming contaminated food or water. Since hygiene standards can vary in different parts of Indonesia, vaccination against hepatitis A is crucial to protect yourself from this viral disease. Symptoms include fever, general malaise, jaundice, and abdominal pain. Although it is not usually chronic, hepatitis A can cause severe illness, especially in adults.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a viral infection transmitted through contact with blood and other bodily fluids. It is especially important for travellers who may need medical care or procedures in Indonesia. Hepatitis B can cause chronic liver infections, leading to cirrhosis or liver cancer. Vaccination provides long-term protection against this disease.

Typhoid

Typhoid fever is a bacterial disease caused by Salmonella typhi, transmitted through contaminated food and water. Symptoms include high fever, weakness, stomach pain, and a rash. It is especially important to get vaccinated if you plan to visit rural areas or eat from street food vendors where hygiene may be less rigorous. The typhoid vaccine helps prevent this potentially deadly disease.

Yellow Fever

Yellow fever is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes. Although it is not endemic in Indonesia, vaccination is mandatory if you are travelling from a country where yellow fever is common to prevent the introduction of the disease. Yellow fever can cause high fever, jaundice, and bleeding and can be fatal. The vaccine is highly effective and usually administered only once in a lifetime.

Rabies

Rabies is a viral disease transmitted through bites or scratches from infected animals, commonly dogs, bats, and monkeys. Indonesia has areas with high incidence of rabies, so vaccination is especially recommended for those planning outdoor activities or spending time in rural areas. Rabies is almost always fatal once symptoms appear, but it is preventable with vaccination and post-exposure treatment.

Japanese Encephalitis

Japanese encephalitis is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes, prevalent in rural and agricultural areas of Asia, including parts of Indonesia. The infection can cause brain inflammation, with symptoms ranging from mild fever to severe neurological complications and death. Vaccination is highly recommended for travellers spending extended time in rural areas or during the mosquito transmission season.

Health Tips for Travelling to Indonesia

Tetanus-Diphtheria-Pertussis

These are bacterial diseases that can have severe consequences. Tetanus is contracted through contaminated wounds and can cause severe muscle spasms and stiffness. Diphtheria spreads through respiratory droplets and can cause respiratory and heart problems. Pertussis, or whooping cough, is a highly contagious respiratory disease that can be severe in children and adults. The combined vaccination protects against all three diseases.

MMR (Measles, Mumps, Rubella)

The MMR vaccine protects against measles, mumps, and rubella. These are highly contagious viral diseases that can have serious complications. Measles can cause pneumonia and encephalitis, rubella is especially dangerous for pregnant women due to the risk of congenital defects, and mumps can cause meningitis and deafness. Vaccination is essential to prevent outbreaks. In Spain, the vaccine is administered in different doses during childhood.

Health Tips for Travelling to Indonesia

Indonesia is a country with acceptable development standards, but it is also very large. About 75,000 islands make up its territory, and as you can imagine, not all places are the same. Rural areas with limited or non-existent healthcare infrastructures are many, so it is necessary to follow basic recommendations to protect your health, starting with vaccination, as explained in this article. Here are other tips:

  • Take out travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, evacuation, and repatriation. Medical care in Indonesia can vary in quality, and international hospitals can be expensive.
  • Drink only bottled or boiled water. Avoid ice in drinks, as it may be made with non-potable water.
  • Eat in places that appear clean and well-maintained. Avoid raw foods, especially seafood, and fruits or vegetables that you cannot peel yourself.
  • Mosquitoes can transmit diseases such as dengue, malaria, and Zika. To protect yourself: Use insect repellent with DEET, sleep under insecticide-treated mosquito nets, and wear long-sleeved shirts and trousers, especially at dawn and dusk.
  • Wash your hands frequently with soap and water, especially before eating and after using the bathroom. Carry an alcohol-based hand sanitiser for use when soap and water are not available.
  • Indonesia is a tropical country, and the sun can be very strong. To avoid sunburn and heatstroke:
    • Use sunscreen with a high protection factor (SPF 30 or higher).
    • Wear light-coloured, lightweight clothing.
    • Wear hats and sunglasses.
    • Stay hydrated regularly.
  • Avoid contact with stray animals, as they can transmit diseases such as rabies. If an animal bites or scratches you, seek medical attention immediately.
  • Bring a first aid kit that includes:
    • Pain relievers and antipyretics (such as paracetamol or ibuprofen).
    • Antidiarrhoeals.
    • Antihistamines.
    • Antiseptic cream and bandages.
    • Prescription medications in their original packaging and with the prescription.
  • Consult your doctor before travelling to get specific advice on the vaccines and medications you may need. Inform your doctor about your detailed travel plans to receive personalised recommendations.
  • Follow local health and safety guidelines. Pay attention to notices and recommendations from local authorities and follow recommended hygiene practices.

And now you are ready to experience one of the best adventures of your life: travelling to Indonesia! It is a safe country with wonderful people and spectacular landscapes. And we know what we are talking about, as we have two of our DPM schools there, in Gili Trawangan and Nusa Penida.

Ina

Instructor & Photographer in DPM Gili Trawangan.
Diving instructor SSI/RAID🌊

DPM Diving Koh Tao

Thailand

DPM Diving Koh Phi Phi

Thailand

DPM Diving Nusa Penida

Indonesia

DPM Diving Gili Trawangan

Indonesia

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Spain

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